Kaziranga National park is one of the Oldest Park in India. It is situated in Assam Golahat, Karbi, Anglong and Nagaon districts of the Assam
It is famous for its beauty also the vegetation and the Fabulous environment of the Park. This Park is specially hosts two-thirds of the World
Great one Horned Rhinoceroses. It is also world Heritage site. According to the census in 2018 March which is conducted by the Government of Assam.
It is found that the number of the Rhinos are 1,641 adult rhinos (642 males, 793 females, 206 unsexed). And it is very surprise to know that in
Kaziranga National Park there is also High Density of Tigers and also it is declared a tiger Reserve in 2006. Now it is Known as Orang National Park
This Park is home to large bleeding of many Variety of Animals and Birds.
It is also a famous Birds Conservation Santury.And Kaziranga National is also Known As Eastern Himalayan Biodiversity.
The coordinates in which Kaziranga National Park, India is Situated is 26 N 93 E
It covers the total Area of 430 km sq.
Kaziranga National Park, India is cris-crossed By the four major rivers, includes the largest river
Brahamaputra River. Due to this River the vegetation or environment is safe or conserved.
History of Kaziranga National Park, India:-
When Mary Curzon of Kedlestone, the wife of the Viceroy Of India came to India in 1904, After saw
the One-Horn Rhinoceroses, For which the area was reowned, she persuaded her husband to take urgent decision
to protect these species, So In 1 June 1905, the Kaziranga Proposed Reserve Forest was created with the Area
of 232 sq km.
After Three Years from 1905 This Park was extended by 152 km sq to the Brahmaputra River.In 1908
this Kaziranga National Park, India was designated a “Reserve Forest”, and After Eleven Years it was redesignated
as “Kaziranga Game Santuary” till 1938.
In this Kaziranga National Park, India Hunting is very big issue in 1930 to 1940 years. So the Authority
takes the decision that Nobody was entered the Park, without the Permission. So Visitors have to take the Permission.
On 1950, P.D Stracey, the forest Consevationist of that time of Kaziranga National Park , He renamed the Kaziranga Game Santuary
as “Kaziranga National Park” he taken this decision to rid the name of Hunting Connotations. And After four years
the Government of Assam Passed the Rhinoceroses Bill which imposed very High Penalties For rhinoceros Poaching.
After Fourteen years in 1968,later the state Government decided to passed the Rhinoceros Bill of Assam National Park Act of 1968
and Government decides or Declare this Park as designated National Park.
In 11 February 1974 the Central Government Official registered the area of 430 km sq. And In 1985, Kaziranga National Park was
Declared World Heritage Site by UNESCO for its vegetation and Fabulous environment.
Now in the Past fifty Years , Kaziranga has faced many problems of several Natural and man-Made calamities.
Floods caused due to the flow of Brahmaputra River, and from this many animals gets injured or many others
are lost their lives.And one thing is also their is that Encroachment by People along the peeriphery has
led to a diminished forest cover and loss of habit or the Natural Vegetation of the Kaziranga National park.
United liberation Front of Assam (ULFA) has crippled the economy of this park, But it remains unaffected.
Many of cases came or face by the Kaziranga National park.
There was a reason behind the name of this park
As according to survey “Kaziranga” Many of the locals or many historical legends which are present in our society, According to one legend a girl named “Rawnga” from near by village and a youth named “Kazi” Karbi Anglong fell in love.This relationship was not acceptable to their families. So for this reason, the couple disappeared into the forest. After many searches they were not found, So their after , this forest was named “Kaziranga”
One Another story is came out by the survey from local people , They said that , According to another legend Srimanta Sankardeva, the sixteenth century vaisnava,the saint-scholar he blessed a childless couple, Kazi and Rangai and asked them to dig a big pond in the region so their would live on.In the seventh
Century King named “Ahom king pratap Singha” , he is particularly impressed by the test of Fish , and on asking by local people he knows that the these fishes are came from Kaziranga National park.
Kaziranga National park, India is also famous for the red goats (deer). As the Kazi in Karbi language means goats and ranga means red.
Some historians Said that this National National park came under the Karbi dynasty.
This park is approximately 40 kilometre from east to west, 30 kilometre from north to south the elevation of this National park is 40 to 80 m. This park is surrounded by Brahmaputra river songs the eastern and western boundaries, and many other rivers also surrounded all around the National park.
this park is also famous for its fertility of soil, alluvial soil is mostly found in this park. Due to regular flood
The soil of this park is always change and with the change of soil the vegetation is also change.
Which makes the or which increase the fertility of soil
Many artificial barriers are made to avoid the floods by the Indian army to protect the precious animals life.
Kaziranga is one of the largest land to protect biodiversity so it is called the biodiversity hotspot.
The outskirts of Kaziranga National park the tea plantation is very famous or plant in a very large quantity,
Mainly this park three type of season summer winter and monsoon season, winter is fall between November and Februaryit touches the maximum temperature 25 degree Celsius to 9 degree Celsius.
Summer season the temperature goes very high it goes up to 45 degree Celsius to 35 degree Celsius.
This season is very hard for the wild animals and also the plants, animals goes about 2 to 3 kilometre for the searching of water. It is founded that on 3 August 2016 20% of the National park almost cover with the water of the flood, this flooding many wild animals or even birds are migrated to another place for their lives. Around 540 animals including 13 to 14 rhinos I died in the flood which came in 2012.
In Kaziranga National park there are 35 different species which and 15 species are in danger zone. There police population about to distinct.Also Kaziranga has the largest population of the Wild water buffalo about 57% of the world population It is very amazing.The One-Horned rhinoceros, Royal Bengal Tiger, Asian elephant, wild water buffalo and swamp deer are known as ‘Big Five’ of Kaziranga National park. Kaziranga was called a Tiger Reserve in 2006 and has the highest density of tigers in the world with a population of 118, according to the latest survey. Other field include the jungle cat, , and leopard cat.Kaziranga National Park rivers are also home to the endangered Ganges dolphin, which are already blind due to the pollution of water.
Kaziranga have been identified by Birdlife International called as Important Bird Area. This is home to a variety of migratory birds which are came from around the world , water birds, predators and game birds and many others birds such as the lesser ferruginous duck, Baer’s pochard duck and lesser adjutant, greater adjutant, black-necked , and Asian openbill stork migrate from Asia.
Kaziranga was once in a time of home to seven species of vultures, but the vulture population reached near extinction due to many reasons, Only the Indian vulture, slender-billed vulture, and Indian white-rumped vulture have able survived.
The wildlife department of government of Assam is situated in bokakhat, which is best known administration of Assam.The all over head of the park is the Director of the park is a Chief Conservator of Fores officer. The divisional Forest Officer is the administrative chief executive of the Kaziranga National Park. He is group of two officers with the rank of Assistant Conservator of Forests. Kaziranga park area is divided into ranges, overseen by Range Forest Officers of National park.The five ranges of Kaziranga National park are Burapahar, Baguri,Kohora,Agaratoli and Biswanath.
The park is financial aid by the State Government and the Ministry of Environment, Forests & Climate Change of Government of India under many Plan and Non-Plan projects.And other funding is given under the Project Elephant from the Central Government. In 1997 to 1998 a grant of 7000,000 was received under the Technical Co-operation for Security scheme from the World Heritage Fund.
Conservation Management of Kaziranga National park
In Kaziranga National park, there is very good facility for tourists, So this increases its level high in the category of cleanliness.The guides of the Kaziranga National park forest department accompany all travelers inside the park. Many elephant rides and Jeep or other vehicles rides are available for tour. Starting from the Park on the side of Kohora, All of these rides are follow the three motorable trails of the jurisdiction of three ranges—Kohora, Bagori, and Agaratoli. All trails are open for light vehicles from November to April. Visitors are allowed to take their own vehicles by the permission of the Kaziranga head quarters.
There were many buses services are run over the National park to take the tourists to see the whole park.There is also a airport is situated near about 97 km.
On very important think to know that there are many documentaries are made on Kaziranga National park.
The first documentary was made by Robin Banerjee, a physician turned photographer and also he was a filmmaker, and which was on television in 1961.
At last Kaziranga National park have very good biodiversity and environment for human as well as for Animals.