A Personality who Served as:-
- Indian Barrister And Statesman
- Indian Minister Of Information
- Indian Minister Of States
- First Home Minister Of India
- First Deputy Prime Minister Of India
- Father Of All India Services
Life of Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel
“Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel” was the fourth child out of the six of his parents with Jhaverbhai Patel as his father and Ladba as his Mother. He was born in Nadiad, 8th Largest City in the state of Gujarat, India. His Birth Date is Never Confirmed but is regarded as October 31, 1875 through his matriculations certificate which he had chosen upon his own while filling in a form.
Eduction journey of Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel
In terms of Economic Status, Vallabhbhai Jhaverbhai Patel’s family may be regarded as a lower-middle-class i.e. they were poor and had no relation to education. Yet, Patel managed to do his primary education from Karam said and high schooling from petaled, towns in Anand District in Gujarat.
Even as a young boy Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel displayed qualities of organization and leadership that marked him out for his future role. Once in high school, he organized a successful strike with his classmates that lasted for three days to teach a lesson to one of the teachers who was excessively fond of the rode.
However, Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel got his matriculation certificate at the age of 22 only. Due to this, people used to wonder that the boy Patel didn’t have any solemn desires for the achievement of dreams or goals. But no one actually knew what was going inside the highly capable mind of Patel. At the initial levels, Patel had a strong desire to become a barrister and serve the peasants and falsely accused victims of the British officials who got in the hands of law for which he had to go to London for studies.
But due to the circumstances of his home and family, he was not financially capable enough at that time to do the same.
Meanwhile, he managed to borrow books of law from lawyers, which he practiced to read daily. His dedication towards hard work and curiosity towards the achievement of dreams can also be checked by his success of becoming a graduate in 2 years only with an undergraduate degree which usually takes 3 years for completion.
Henceforth, he gave district pleader’s examination, after passing which, enabled him to pursue and practice law.
Story of Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel’s Wife
Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel got married at the age of 16 only due to the followed customs and traditions of that time. However, Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel lost his wife, Zaverbai just after 16 years of their marriage after she had an operation for some abdominal disease. When news of the loss reached Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel, he was cross-examining a witness in a murder case at Anand. With strong self-control for which he became known later, he did not show grief but went on with the cross-examination in hand. He had a son and a daughter through her. After the death of his wife, he decided to remain a widower and to bear responsibilities in the shoulders.
After this, Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel traveled to London, to study at the middle temple. He did the same with high honors. After attaining the graduation degree from London, yet after the proposals of several government jobs being offered to him at his door gates, he refused all of them and decided to go solemnly towards his dedication to serving the nation.
The political career of Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel
After returning to India, he directly went to Ahmedabad to go on with his practice of law. He guided and joined peasants from Gujarat in non-violent civil disobedience movement against the British Raj. His dedication towards his works made his unique identity in the society in no time and he got renowned over a wide swathe for the name of the criminal defense lawyer. A personality, Mahatma Gandhi was one in his life, he used to admire a lot. He was always fond of his words as well as actions and was a follower as well as a supporter of him. It somehow took his interest in politics whose view got cleared when he decided to participate in the election of the commissioner of Ahmedabad, he won the election very easily and got appointed as the sanitation commissioner of Ahmedabad. Afterward, he headed up for building his political career. He then was appointed as the Chairman of the Municipal Committee.
The years of his association with the Municipal administration were marked by much meaningful work for the improvement of civil life. Work was done to improve water supply, sanitation, and town planning and the Municipality was transformed, from being only a supplement to the British rule, into a popular body with a power of its own.
After being loved and supported by people so much, he was noticed by Gandhiji with whom he loved to join different practices and movements. It was one of the ideas needed at the hard time of partition between India and Pakistan when the situation was haunting where everyone was just ready to fight. In this situation, it was the great idea of Patel only to free people from warlike conditions by allowing them to form two different nations with their wills.
Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel role in the Indian freedom struggle
The main contribution recognized in the golden pages of history describing Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel was that even after India got its independence, there were 565 British provinces and princely states combining who preferred to carry on with their own sets of rules, regulations, and protocols to be followed under their areas.
The harsh problematic situation could easily be imagined. But that’s not for what Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel was known for, he was known for finding one of the best possible solutions to be implemented in conditions needed , in this situation where with the help of his intelligence and high organizing as well as leadership skills, he managed to convince all the 565 British provinces and princely states to unite as one and form a nation as a whole. This is majorly for what he is known for yet now. This is why he was regarded as the iron man of India. And for the same reasons, he was also lovingly presented the title of Sardar.
He was regarded as a nationalist leader throughout India. He was considered practical, and the British recognized him as a dangerous enemy. He never compromised with his principles. He always worked hard to ultimately hold his commitment and give life to his words.
Ministry role in Indian government
In the initials of civil disobedience movement, the man who got arrested the first was no other than Patel, upon his release, he-re joined the movement and was arrested again, this time for a duration of about 16 months but for his fortune, he got company of Gandhiji in jail which he regarded as the most precious time of his life, it significantly played a vital role in bringing essential changes in his walks of life.
He was arrested again in 1942 when he was found in connection with the quit India movement, this time he was imprisoned for 3 years. When he got out of it, the country was about to achieve independence due to the shared efforts. In 1946, September, when the government of India was formed, he became its home minister. Later after India attained independence, he was appointed as deputy prime minister of India. Henceforth, he served as minister of home affairs, information, and states, too.
Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel was the one who tied up the traces to form India as a single, complete and united nation. His contribution towards doing the same include joining the formerly divided 565 princely states and British provinces into a single nation referred to as India. Unfortunately, in the history of the nation India, this great personality died on December 15, 1950, due to a heart attack. After which the whole country was left out for looking upon his great deeds but on the second hand, the people inspired through him were yet connected in bearing responsibilities of the nation to take the vision and hard work of Sardar Patel even much higher.
Contributions of Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel
- He was responsible for the creation of the All India Services which was described by him as the country’s “Steel Frame”.He was also responsible for founding the Indian Administrative Service and the Indian Police Service.
- He worked towards the defense of Indian civil servants from political attacks due to which he is known as the “patron saint” of India’s services.
- Patel made the reconstruction of the ancient Somnath Temple in Saurashtra possible. He looked over the restoration work and created a public trust to be dedicated in the name of the temple.
- He was one of the formers in movements, practices, and actions which resulted in the country to ultimately achieve independence.
- He played vital roles in organizing, shaping and managing the congress Party.
- He took immediate and noteworthy steps in governing the nation pre, pro and post-partition.
- He stood along with peasants and suppressed sections of the society under British rule to fight for their rights and independence.
- He managed to combine 565 individual British provinces and princely states to form collectively a nation as a whole which was henceforth divided into 26 administrative section.
Statue of Unity
Main article: Statue of Unity
Sardar Vallabhai Patel Statue of Unity in Gujarat, India
The Statue of Unity is a dedication and commemoration to Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel which is located in the Indian state of Gujarat, facing the Narmada Dam, 3.2 km away from Sadhu Bet near Vadodara. At the height of 182 meters (597 feet), it is the world’s tallest statue, exceeding the Spring Temple Buddha by 54 meters. This statue and related structures are spread over 20000 square meters and are surrounded by an artificial lake spread across 12 km and cost an estimated 29.8 billion rupees ($430m). It was inaugurated by the Prime Minister Shri Narendra DamodarDas Modi on 31st October 2018 i.e. on the 143rd anniversary of Patel’s birth.
Other institutions and monuments
- Sardar Patel Memorial Trust
- Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel National Memorial, Ahmedabad
- Sardar Sarovar Dam, Gujarat
- Sardar Vallabhbhai National Institute of Technology, Surat
- Sardar Patel University, Gujarat
- Sardar Patel University of Police in Jodhpur
- Sardar Patel University Of Security in Jodhpur
- Sardar Patel University Of Criminal Justice in Jodhpur
- Sardar Patel Institute of Technology, Vasad
- Sardar Patel Vidyalaya, New Delhi
- Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel National Police Academy, Hyderabad
- Sardar Patel College of Engineering, Mumbai
- Sardar Patel Institute of Technology, Mumbai
- Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel Chowk in Katra Gulab Singh, Pratapgarh, Uttar Pradesh
- Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel Institute of Technology, Vasad
- Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel International Airport, Ahmedabad
- Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel Stadium, Ahmedabad
- Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel University of Agriculture and Technology
- Vallabhbhai Patel Chest Institute
- Statue of Unity
- Patel statue at Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel Chowk in Pratapgarh
In popular media
- 1947: Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel was featured on the cover of Time
- 1976: Kantilal Rathod made a documentary out of Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel’s life story.
- 1982: In Richard Attenborough‘s Gandhi(1982), actor Saeed Jaffrey portrayed Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel.
- 1989: In a satirical novel The Great Indian Novel by Shashi Tharoor, the character of Vidur Hastinapuri is simultaneously based on Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel as well as the mythological character Vidura.
- 1993: The biopicSardar was produced and directed by Ketan Mehta and featured noted Indian actor Paresh Rawal as Patel; it focused on Patel’s leadership in the years leading up to independence, the partition of India, India’s political integration and Patel’s relationship with Gandhi and Nehru. The film was addressed publicly on 12th August 2016 at the Independence Day Film Festival jointly presented by the Indian Directorate of Film Festivals and Ministry of Defense, commemorating the 70th Indian Independence Day.
- 2000: Arun Sadekar played Patel’s Role in “Hey Ram” – a film made by Kamal Haasan.