Smart City – Steps Towards Smart Future
First of all the question that comes to our mind is “what indeed is a smart city?” The answer to this does not contain any particular definition however it can be said that the specific area where the needs of the people are fulfilled smartly. Smart City provides all types of facilities that help people for daily purposes. The smart city works to enhance the facilities mainly in urban places like transportation, technology, medical facilities and so on. Some of the cities which are inhibited by our Great Personalities in India known by Mukesh Ambani, Amitabh Bachchan and so on. The biggest problems in our society are waste management and pollution which would get overcome by smart city initiatives.
Smart city includes various parameters like quality of life, transport, house, electricity, water, education, and medical facility. So firstly we discuss about the quality not quantity of life, it includes cheap rate houses, various types of infrastructures, 24 hrs electricity, and water, choice of education, safety especially for women and children, equipment of sports and also a lot of entertainment, best connectivity of wifi , good schools and best medical facilities. Now the second parameter is transport which includes the fast transportation facility in which the travel time from one city to another city is not more than 45 minutes, minimum 2 meters wide footpath for walking at the corner of both sides of the road, from the living place the distance of station,bus stand is nearly 800 m to 1 km. The next parameter is the house which is full-fledged planned in the city in which 95% of residents are located near the parks, playgrounds, schools, etc.
Smart City is not only for the rich people but also available for every section of the society consisting of every category of people like 20% resident is for economically weaker people or it can be said that BPL, commercial places are situated near the airport, metro station. Next parameter is electricity and water which is available for 24×7 in every places, all houses in the smart city contain electricity connection and all connection contain meter which is very important, there is also a restriction for stealing of electricity and water, each person could contain a maximum of 135 liters of water every day. The management of smart cities is very strong such that everyone can follow the rules and regulations given by the Government.
Now the parameter comes to be education which is very crucial for any smart city, it includes 15% of area for the better institutions, in every 1 lakh population, one intermediate school is available, or in every 1.25 lakh population a good affiliated college(engineering, medical, professional, paramedical) is available, in every 10 lakh population, one university is available. The backbone of Smart City is health and wealth in which the emergency response is not more than 30 minutes at any place; for every 15000 people, a dispensary is kept, for every 50000 people a diagnostic center is available and for every 1000 people a well-qualified Doctor is available in Hospitals, and last but not the least is wifi connectivity, it is the heart of the smart city because today’s world is moving towards becoming globally digitalized and India is also among one of the countries that are moving on faster towards the digitalization, in this the wifi connectivity is available in 24×7 in each and every house and the speed is approximately 100 MegaByte Per Second (MBPS) which is common for all. Some of the most common smart cities in India are Lucknow, Bhagalpur, West Bengal, Faridabad, Chandigarh, Bhuvaneshwar, Ranchi, Raipur, Dharmshala and one of the most famous Dholera city in Gujarat which was initiated as one by our Current Prime Minister Shri Narendra Damodar Das Modi.
The strategy made by the Government of India started in 2014 consisted of an investment of around 48,000 crores at that time but at present, it has raised up to 2 lakh crore in this budget. One of the major problems faced by the Government of India towards digitalization is that a major population of the nation is not well acquainted with the growing technology and digitalizing globe. At last, I would like to say that this is a great changing or it can be said that the revolution of India around the year 2023 such that most of the cities prescribed by the Government will be fully converted into smart Cities. Be a part of this initiative and take the first step to build our Nation very proudly.